ADRAMMELECH


ADRAMMELECH
ADRAMMELECH (Heb. אַדְרַמֶּלֶךְ). (1) A deity named Adrammelech was worshiped, together with anammelech , by the people of sepharvaim (II Kings 17:31), possibly Assyrian Saparrê, who settled in Samaria after its destruction in 722 B.C.E. No Assyrian or Babylonian deity is known by the name Adrammelech. Inscriptions from Gozan (Tell Ḥalaf on the Khabur, beginning of the ninth century B.C.E.) were once thought to attest the name of a god Adad-Milki. Accordingly, it was suggested to correct Adrammelech to Adadmelech assuming the common graphic confusion of dalet and resh. But the reading Adad-Milki in the Gozan inscriptions themselves now seems questionable. The element melech in the name is probably the Hebrew word for king, so Addir-Melech, "the glorious one is king," is a possibility. At the same time Addir-Molech, "glorious is (the god) Molech" (see moloch ), cannot be ruled out. (2) According to the received Hebrew text, Adrammelech was the name of a son of sennacherib , king of Assyria (II Kings 19:37; Isa. 37:38). Together with his brother sharezer , Adrammelech murdered his father in the temple of Nisroch and escaped to the land of ararat (cf. II Chron. 32:21). Abydenus (Eusebius, Armenia Chronicle, ed. Schoene, 1:35) gives the name of the murderer as Adramelus. That reading is now confirmed by cuneiform evidence that gives the regicide's name as Arda-Mulissi, "servant of Mulissu," Mulissu being the neo-Assyrian name of the goddess Ninlil. In turn we may correct the Hebrew to ארדמלס. The biblical description of Sennacherib's murder is given in relation to the Assyrian defeat near Jerusalem (II Kings 19:36–37; Isa. 37:37–38; cf. II Chron. 32:21). In point of fact, many years elapsed between Sennacherib's campaign in Phoenicia and Ereẓ Israel (c. 701 B.C.E.) and his death (681 B.C.E.), but the Bible telescopes these events to show that the prophecy of Isaiah about Sennacherib (II Kings 19:7; Isa. 37:7) was fulfilled. -ADD. BIBLIOGRAPHY: (1) S. Kaufman, in: JNES, 37 (1978), 101–9; A. Millard, in: DDD, 10–11; G. Heider, in: DDD, 581–85. (2) S. Parpola, in: Mesopotamia, 8 (1980), 171–82. (Yuval Kamrat / S. David Sperling (2nd ed.)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Adrammelech — Adrammelech, 1) A. u. Anammelech, Götzen der nach Samarien versetzten Colonisten aus Sepharvaim, denen sie ihre Kinder opferten; vgl. Moloch; 2) Sohn Sanheribs, erschlug 697 v. Chr. mit seinem Bruder Sar Ezer seinen Vater, worauf beide nach… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Adrammélech — Adrammélech, eine Gottheit der Sepharviler, deren Kultus diese, als sie von Sargon nach Samarien verpflanzt wurden, ebendort beibehielten. Er bestand wie der des Anammelech darin, daß man Kinder mit Feuer verbrannte (2. Kön. 17, 31). A. scheint… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Adrammélech — Adrammélech, assyr. Gottheit, der man Kinder im Feuer opferte (2 Kön. 18). – A., Sohn und Mörder des assyr. Königs Sanherib (681 v. Chr.; 2 Kön. 19) …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Adrammelech — Adramelech ist: eine syrische Gottheit, die vor allem aus der Bibel bekannt ist, s. Adramelech (Gottheit) eine finnische Death Metal Band, s. Adramelech (Band) ein mittelalterlicher Dämon, s. Adramelech (Dämon) ein Sohn des assyrischen Königs… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Adrammelech — /euh dram euh lek /, n. 1. one of the gods worshiped by the Sepharvites. II Kings 17:31. Cf. Anammelech. 2. a son of Sennacherib. II Kings 19:37. Also, Douay Bible, Adramelech. * * * …   Universalium

  • Adrammelech —    Adar the king.    1) An idol; a form of the sun god worshipped by the inhabitants of Sepharvaim (2 Kings 17:31), and brought by the Sepharvite colonists into Samaria.    2) A son of Sennacherib, king of Assyria (2 Kings 19:37; Isa. 37:38) …   Easton's Bible Dictionary

  • Adrammelech — /euh dram euh lek /, n. 1. one of the gods worshiped by the Sepharvites. II Kings 17:31. Cf. Anammelech. 2. a son of Sennacherib. II Kings 19:37. Also, Douay Bible, Adramelech …   Useful english dictionary

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